Severity - severe brain damage

CDC’s research and programs work to reduce severe TBI and its consequences by developing and evaluating clinical guidelines, conducting surveillance, implementing primary prevention and education strategies, and developing evidence-based interventions to save lives and reduce morbidity from this injury.

“We know that that’s a risk factor for neurogenerative disease,” McKee said. “Whether or not that contributed in this case is speculative. It may explain some of his susceptibility to this disease.”

What is the typical process of recovery?
Following the accident, a person with a severe brain injury requires medical stabilization to monitor and manage basic life systems such as respiration. Many individuals need neurosurgery to control bleeding inside the brain or between the brain and the skull, repair damaged tissue, or control fluid pressure within the brain. These procedures are invasive and generally require a highly specialized medical treatment team. There may be a phase of intense medical supervision in an Intensive Care Unit (ICU) or in a Neurological Intensive Care Unit (NICU).
As the patient stabilizes and the life threatening aspects of the injury subside, a hospital-based medical rehabilitation program should be considered. Medical rehabilitation programs provide restorative therapies such as physiotherapy, occupational therapy and speech therapy, while continuing to provide medical and nursing supervision. Once hospital-based rehabilitation has been completed the person may require a community-based program or ongoing outpatient rehabilitation services. In cases where the injury has caused severe and persisting deficits and high care needs, the patient may require ongoing rehabilitation in extended or long-term care environments. In these cases, transitional and supported living programs may be appropriate.

The word concussion is used to describe any injury to the brain that is the result of an impact to the head. A mild concussion might result in the patient being ...

Diffuse injury manifests with little apparent damage in neuroimaging studies, but lesions can be seen with microscopy techniques post-mortem , [18] [19] and in the early 2000s, researchers discovered that diffusion tensor imaging (DTI), a way of processing MRI images that shows white matter tracts, was an effective tool for displaying the extent of diffuse axonal injury . [20] [21] Types of injuries considered diffuse include edema (swelling) and diffuse axonal injury, which is widespread damage to axons including white matter tracts and projections to the cortex . [22] [23] Types of injuries considered diffuse include concussion and diffuse axonal injury, widespread damage to axons in areas including white matter and the cerebral hemispheres . [22]

McKee says Hernandez suffered severe damage to parts of the brain that play an important role in memory, impulse control and behavior.   (Copyright 2017 The Associated Press. All rights reserved.)

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Once a person can communicate, follow instruc tions, or use an object such as a comb or pencil consistently, they are no longer in a minimally conscious state. Some people remain minimally conscious indefinitely, but many improve. The longer a person remains in a minimally conscious state, the more permanent impairments he or she is likely to have. This is because vegetative and minimally conscious states are caused by severe damage to multiple brain areas. Following emergence from the minimally conscious state, people almost always experience confusion. Sometimes people move directly from coma to this confusional state.

Type III:
__ 5 - 30 minutes of LOC
__ more than 12 hours of PTA
__ one or more neurological symptoms

Understanding Traumatic Brain Injury
- What Is Traumatic Brain Injury?
- What are the Effects of TBI?
- What are the Causes of TBI?
- Definitions Related to TBI

Symptoms of Traumatic Brain Injury
- Glasgow Coma Scale
- Ranchos Los Amigos Scale
- Mild TBI Symptoms
- Severe TBI Symptoms
- Diagnosis

Treatments for Traumatic Brain Injury
- Initial Treatment
- Rehabilitative Center Treatment
- Acute Treatment
- Surgical Treatment
- Supportive Care Concerns
- Recovery

Legal Resources

Legal Seminar on Brain Injury
Prevention of Traumatic Brain Injury

Informational Videos Presented by the Pennsylvania Brain Injury Association

Pennsylvania Brain Injury Hospitals

Severity - Severe Brain DamageSeverity - Severe Brain DamageSeverity - Severe Brain DamageSeverity - Severe Brain Damage